The road was a connection of trade routes and carried technologies, religions, goods, and diseases Period: 1200. to . Venice was a republic with territory on both sides of the Adriatic Sea and a large trading network. Clans are kin-based networks where many people within the community are related. The Umayyad and the Abbasid Caliphates helped develop and spread Islam from Spain to India. Along the Indian Ocean, Islam was spread by traders arriving from the Middle East by ship or by caravan route through the Sahara. There was tremendous growth in long-distance trade. AP World History: Modern begins in 1200 CE [what is tested on the 5/14/20 AP Exam]. Complete the Appositive Connections Sheet The Black Death, as the plague was called, killed at least a third of Europe's population. Rather than writing in Latin, Dante adopted the vernacular, writing in the common language of the day (Florentine Italian), an unusual practice at the time. Capital: Kumbai Saleh Rulers sold gold and ivory to Muslim traders in exchange for salt, copper, cloth, and tools. A true Renaissance Man would study until he could do all things well; painting, singing, gymnastics, horseback riding, hunting, and the like. The victory strengthened the French cause and proved the turning point in the Hundred Years' War. Who won the war? They would eventually control the major cities of the Mali Kingdom, such as Timbuktu. Mansa Musa, Mali's most successful ruler, earned a reputation as one of the world's wealthiest monarchs, in part because of the vast amounts of wealth gathered at Timbuktu. The Divine Comedy was the work of Dante Alighieri of Rome, and was completed in 1321. At a meeting called a Kuriltai where he was elected khan of the Mongol Empire. Islam created a new cultural world known as Dar al-Islam, which transcended political and linguistic boundaries in Asia and Africa. What caused the bubonic plague, which ravaged Europe in the mid-1300s? Beginning in Florence in about 1300 before spreading to Northern Europe, the Renaissance refers to the outgrowth of culture that marked a sharp break from the Medieval period. Popular during the Tang Dynasty; fused elements of Buddhism and Confucianism. Some 20 years later, the French defeated Burgundy's forces at the Battle of Nancy, and France emerged as a strong monarchical state with a centralized government. Stateless societies are societies organized around family ties or other means rather than by an actual official government. They were filthy, with poor sanitation. The successor to the Mali Kingdom was the Songhay Empire. The Chinese empires and others were based largely on Maritime trade. Marco Polo was a merchant who travelled from Europe to Asia in 1271-95, staying in China for 17 of those years. Complete analyses and tasks based on Topic 1.4 Documents. The Seljuk Turks ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 1000s to 1300s. As a consequence, many of the leading Italians earned vast fortunes, which they used to commission art, buildings, and literature. Although not technically slaves, serfs were not free and were bound to the land that they farmed. The Mongols built a system of roads and continued to maintain and guard the trade routes. AP World History: Modern Key Takeaways — Period 1 (1200-1450) The spread of religion, aided by the increase in trade, often acted as a unifying social force. Middle Ages 476 - 1453. What family ruled the Republic of Florence? Some of these tribes developed into larger civilizations and even empires. Complete the Appositive Connections Sheet. The Mali Empire formed due to the inability to reestablish the Ghana Empire after attack, leaving multiple states to deal with the trade, mostly salt trade. Read Section called ¨ Civilizations of the Fifteenth Century: The Americas," (pages 588-594, as numbers on the pages) in Strayer (CH 13). If you were a Malinke citizen, you were a part of Malinke society. The Christian faith, directed by the Catholic Church, was one of the few unifying forces in Central and Western Europe. Luxury goods were traded like silk, spices, porcelain, etc. In 1429, the French defeated English forces laying siege to the town of Orleans. Zheng He took porcelain, silver, gold, and silk to offer as gifts to foreign rulers and exchange. Composed in the late 1200s, the Son-Jara tells the tale of the many exploits of Sundiata, who established the Mali state. Throughout the War, Parliament reserved to itself the power to debate taxes and required the King to continually request funds. Chivalrous examples, such as King Arthur, Tristan, and Parsifal, provided examples of how knights were to behave. How did humanism in the Northern Renaissance differ from Italian humanism? The people there traded ivory, gold, iron, bananas, and slaves. War, disease, and famine caused massive social and political upheaval throughout Eurasia. Why were the Italian city-states able to fund the Renaissance? Privacy Policy During Pax Mongolica. This region, dominated by the modern-state of India, claims one of the world’s oldest faiths and a tradition of regional trade. Slaves were in great demand because it was thought they could be trusted since they were under the control of their masters. However, people still practiced native traditions and beliefs. 1200. Swahili was a combination of culture and language of the Bantu and Arabic people. The Hundred Years' War is a term coined by historians to describe the conflict that raged off and on between France and England from 1337 to 1453. What document, signed by King John in 1215, gave English nobles rights such as a trial by jury and due process under the law?

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