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Social and environmental influences on self-aggression in monkeys. Phone: (202) 337-2332, Shaping Policy for Animals in Laboratories, Safeguard American Food Exports (SAFE) Act, Traveling Exotic Animal and Public Safety Protection Act, Anti-whistleblower (“Ag-Gag”) Legislation, Cetacean Anti-Captivity Legislation and Laws, Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture (PACT) Act, United States Legislative Information (external link), How to Communicate Effectively with Legislators, Ending the Slaughter of Nonambulatory Pigs, Signs of Animal Abuse for Child Protection Worker and Others, Facts and Myths About Domestic Violence and Animal Abuse, Frequently Asked Questions About Reporting Animal Cruelty, A Consumer's Guide to Food Labels and Animal Welfare, Dispelling the Arguments of Captivity Proponents, Swim-with Attractions & Dolphin Assisted Therapy, The Case Against Marine Mammals in Captivity, Restaurants Currently Offering Shark Fin Soup, Wildlife Management on National Park Service Land, Myths and Facts about Wild Horses and Burros, Wild Horses as Native North American Wildlife, Organizations and Individuals Opposed to Horse Slaughter, International Shark Finning Bans and Policies. National Research Council (1996).
Jorgensen, M. J., Kinsey, J. H., & Novak, M. A. But this effect will always come to an end once the subject has satisfied his or her appetite in food treats delivered by the foraging device, or has lost interest in the grooming board or in the toy. XVIth Congress of the International Primatological Society/XIXth Conference of the American Society of Primatologists, Abstract No. B. Reinhardt, V. (1990). Serious efforts must be made to remove the avoidable pain and distress resulting from pathological self-biting, in the interests of both animal based science as well as animal welfare. Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 29 (4), 1-5. Line, S. W., Morgan, K. N., Roberts, J. Effect of an enrichment device on stereotypic and self-aggressive behaviors in singly-caged macaques: A pilot study. "Approximately 10% of captive, individually-housed monkeys engage in the disturbing phenomenon of self-injurious behavior (SIB). Primatol., 13: 61–65. Harvard Univ. Reinhardt, V., Houser, W. D., & Eisele, S. (1989). Hair pulling-and-eating in captive rhesus monkeys. In two additional cases, one adult female and one adult male rhesus were cured from self-biting by permanently pairing each of them with a naturally weaned infant (Reinhardt et al., 1997; Figure 3). Reinhardt, V., Reinhardt, A., & Houser, W. D. (1986).
Preliminary comments on resocialization of aged macaques.
Bushong, D., Schapiro, S. J., & Bloomsmith, M. A. Facilitated Socialization of Previously Single Caged Adult Rhesus Macaques (Videotape with accompanying text). Primates, 15, 111-139. In the U.S. there are an estimated 15,000 individually caged macaques. American Medical Association (1992). Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 37 (4), 1. American Journal of Primatology, 31, 328. Pairing female Macaca nemestrina. In:Infanticide: Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives.G. Factors influencing the expression of aggression during introductions to rhesus monkey groups.
Self-biting often goes unnoticed because subjects most of the time do not break the skin while biting themselves (Reinhardt, & Reinhardt, 2001). Kinsey, J. H., Jorgensen, M. J., Platt, D. M., Hazen, T. J. Clinical assessment suggested that guanfacine decreased the high level of emotional arousal that commonly accompanies self-biting. You can also search for this author in Novak, M. A., Kinsey, J. H., Jorgensen, M. J., & Hazen, T. J. volume 34, pages211–216(1993)Cite this article.
Mason, W. A. Byrum, R., & St. Claire, M. (1998). Anthropologist, 81: 818–840.
Moreover, it also has to be assured that living in a group will, indeed, be less stressful for the subject than living alone (cf. Abstracts of the AALAS Meeting, 9. Reinhardt, V. (1994b). Shively, C. A., Clarkson, T. B., & Kaplan, J. R. (1989). National Research Council (1998). Schapiro, S. J., Nehete, P. N., Perlman, J. E., & Sastry, K. J. Novak et al., 1998). The effects of social stimuli on response to stress. A prescription for psychological well-being. "Approximately 10% of captive, individually-housed monkeys engage in the disturbing phenomenon of self-injurious behavior (SIB). 768. Washington: National Academy Press. XVIth Congress of the International Primatological Society/XIXth Conference of the American Society of Primatologists, Abstract No. The self-mutilation of a male Macacus rhesus monkey. Development of abnormal stereotyped behaviors. Niemeyer, C., Gray, E. G., & Stephen, T. (1996). Pond, C., & Rush, H. G. (1983). 267–286. Line, S. W., Shively, C. A., Heise, E. R., Rabin, B. S., & Cohen, S. (1993). In a case study of seven rhesus macaques, self-biting was associated with no visible wound in 43% (3/7) of cases, with abrasion(s) in 28.5% (2/7) of cases and lacerations in 28.5% (2/7) of cases (Reinhardt, 1999). Effect of a preferred companion in modulating stress in adult female rhesus monkeys. Evaluation of social enrichment for aged rhesus macaques. On July 8, a barbaric video showing brutality towards a monkey and her new born child by a monkey catcher in National Media Centre (one of the posh colony of … Viktor Reinhardt and Matt Rossell Laboratory Animal Science, 41 (4), 306-307. Reduction of the behavioral effects of aversive stimulation by the presence of companions. 193–216. ), Aldine, Chicago, pp. In J. Erwin, T. Maple, & G. Mitchell (eds), Captivity and Behavior (pp. The behavior pattern was no longer witnessed thereafter" over a follow-up period of one year or longer (Reinhardt, 1999, p. 4). No exemptions should be granted - except for veterinary health-care reasons - to the rearing and housing of primates in species-appropriate, compatible social settings.
It should be remembered that self-injurious behavior is also shown in human primates who are kept in solitary cells, and "these `cages' are so terrible that many prisoners prefer to maim themselves rather than stay there" (Yaroshevsky, 1975; p. 445). Bayne, K., Haines, M., Dexter, S., Woodman, D., & Evans, C.(1995). Although this hypothesis requires further testing, maternal refrainment from intervention seems to be a maladaptive response in cases of long-lasting kidnappings by nonlactating females because the infant's life is at stake and the cost of the loss of an infant is presumably higher than the potential risk of injury in a fight. While self-biting is rather common in primates reared in isolation (Sackett, 1986), it is by no means restricted to animals with impoverished early experience (Erwin, Mitchell, & Maple, 1973; Bayne et al., 1995).
We admit that the society has been facing troubles because of monkeys, but we have contacted the municipal department for this issue,'' she said. Kinsey, J. H., Jorgensen, M. J., & Novak, M. A. Rosenberg, D. P., & Kesel, M. L. (1994). Russell, W. M. S., & Burch, R. L. (1959). She is shown afterwards being carried away by her mother with her entrails falling out.
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