Choosing a name for your dog, however, can at times prove to be slightly tricky. p. 107, "Esclavonia, formerly called Dalmatia", according to the Spanish traveler. [42] Famous Italian nationalist Gabriele d'Annunzio supported the seizure of Dalmatia, and proceeded to Zadar in an Italian warship in December 1918. Do you like this idea? During World War II, in 1941, Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Hungary, and Bulgaria occupied Yugoslavia, redrawing their borders to include former parts of the Yugoslavian state. The Adriatic Sea's high water quality,[23] along with the immense number of coves, islands, and channels, makes Dalmatia an attractive place for nautical races, nautical tourism, and tourism in general. Dalmatia (/dælˈmeɪʃə, -tiə/; Croatian: Dalmacija [dǎlmaːtsija]; Italian: Dalmazia; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia,[1] alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia, and Istria. This period was abruptly interrupted with the fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797. If so, take a look at our list of dalmatian dogs names: Croatian origin: Have you still not found what you’re looking for? Elsewhere, land cultivation is mostly unsuccessful because of the mountains, hot summers, and poor soils, although olives and grapes flourish. It was officially known as the Kingdom of Dalmatia. Here are names inspired from Croatia. This was only temporary, as Hungary and the Venetians continued their struggle over Dalmatia after Tvrtko's death in 1391. after the Italian unification). Following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Dalmatia became a part of the independent Croatian state. But Italy got only a small part of its pretensions, so Dalmatia mostly stayed Yugoslav until Benito Mussolini invaded Yugoslavia in 1941 and occupied the region. Their presence, relative to those identifying as Croats, decreased dramatically over the course of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. The first documented descriptions of the Dalmatian (Croatian: Dalmatinski pas, Dalmatiner, Dalmatinac) trace back to the early 18th century and the archives of the Archdiocese of Đakovo, where the dog was mentioned and described as Canis Dalmaticus in the church chronicles from 1719 by Bishop Petar Bakić and then again by church chronicles of Andreas Keczkeméty in 1739. The Kotorans elected a delegation to go to Vienna; Dubrovnik nominated Niko Pucić, who went to Vienna to demand not only the unification of Dalmatia with Croatia, but also the unification of all Croatian territories under one common Assembly. Between 1815 and 1918, it was a province of the Austrian Empire known as the Kingdom of Dalmatia. By this time, the whole Hungarian and Croatian Kingdom was facing increasing internal difficulties, as a 20-year civil war ensued between the Capetian House of Anjou from the Kingdom of Naples, and King Sigismund of the House of Luxembourg. [17] The latter are historically more influenced by Ottoman culture, merging almost seamlessly at the border with the Herzegovinian Croats and southern Bosnia and Herzegovina in general. But don’t worry! However, to help your dog remember its name, we do recommend keeping some of these tips in mind when naming your dog; Want to know more about your Dalmatian? In 1939, Littoral Banovina was joined with Sava Banovina (and with smaller parts of other banovinas) to form a new province named the Banovina of Croatia. The much more centralized Republic came to control all of Dalmatia by the year 1420, it was to remain under Venetian rule for 377 years (1420–1797).[36]. While urban centers, both coastal and inland, were almost completely romanized, the situation in the countryside was completely different. During the war, the losing contender, Ladislaus of Naples, sold his "rights" on Dalmatia to the Venetian Republic for a mere 100,000 ducats. [5] Dalmatia signified not only a geographical unit, but was an entity based on common culture and settlement types, a common narrow eastern Adriatic coastal belt, Mediterranean climate, sclerophyllous vegetation of the Illyrian province, Adriatic carbonate platform, and karst geomorphology. Italy joined the Triple Entente Allies in 1915 upon agreeing to the London Pact that guaranteed Italy the right to annex a large portion of Dalmatia in exchange for Italy's participation on the Allied side. Dalmatia (/ d æ l ˈ m eɪ ʃ ə,-t i ə /; Croatian: Dalmacija [dǎlmaːtsija]; Italian: Dalmazia; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia, alongside Croatia proper, Slavonia, and Istria.. Dalmatia is a narrow belt of the east shore of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from the island of Rab in the north to the Bay of Kotor in the south. The southern city of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) became de facto independent in 1358 through the Treaty of Zadar when Venice relinquished its suzerainty over it to Louis I of Hungary. Dalmatia at the time consisted of the coastal cities functioning much like city-states, with extensive autonomy, but in mutual conflict and without control of the rural hinterland (the Zagora). There is evergreen vegetation on the coast. The Mongols severely impaired the feudal state, so much so that that same year, King Béla IV had to take refuge in Dalmatia, as far south as the Klis fortress. Croatian, Serbian and Polish diminutive of AGATHA, JAGODA, JADWIGA or other names containing ja. Ethnically, Dalmatia started out as a Roman region, with a romance culture that began to develop independently, forming the now-extinct Dalmatian language. [4] Its Latin form Dalmatia gave rise to its current English name. A year later in 1809 he removed the Venetian Dalmatia from his Kingdom of Italy and created the Illyrian Provinces, which were annexed to France, and created his marshal Nicolas Soult Duke of Dalmatia. During the Croatian war of Independence, most of Dalmatia was a battleground between the Croatian government and the Yugoslav People's Army, which aided the local Serb rebels, with much of the northern part of the region around Knin and the far South around, but not including, Dubrovnik being placed under the control of Serb forces. [43] However, in spite of the guarantees of the London Pact to Italy of a large portion of Dalmatia and Italian military occupation of claimed territories of Dalmatia, during the peace settlement negotiations of 1919 to 1920 the Fourteen Points of Woodrow Wilson that advocated self-determination of nations took precedence, with Italy only being permitted to annex Zadar from Dalmatia, while the rest of Dalmatia was to be part of Yugoslavia. The cities were maritime centres with a huge commerce mainly with the Italian peninsula and with the growing Republic of Venice. [citation needed], The largest Dalmatian mountains are Dinara, Mosor, Svilaja, Biokovo, Moseć, Veliki Kozjak, and Mali Kozjak. [citation needed], Dalmatia is today a historical region only, not formally instituted in Croatian law. Electricity is mainly produced by hydropower stations. [39][better source needed]. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Dalmatia was granted as a province to the Emperor of Austria. The modern Croatian spelling is Dalmacija, pronounced [dǎlmaːt͡sija]. The name "Dalmatia" was in use probably from the second half of the 2nd century BC and certainly from the first half of the 1st century BC, defining a coastal area of the eastern Adriatic between the Krka and Neretva rivers. Here is our list of the main characters from 101 Dalmatians: Do you love the idea of naming your dog after a movie character? During the reign of King Emeric, the Dalmatian cities separated from Hungary by a treaty. The territory of former Kingdom of Dalmatia was divided between two federal Republics of Yugoslavia and most of the territory went to Croatia, leaving only the Bay of Kotor to Montenegro. The border between the Dalmatian hinterland and the Ottoman Bosnia and Herzegovina greatly fluctuated until the Morean War, when the Venetian capture of Knin and Sinj set much of the borderline at its current position.[38]. After the Medieval Kingdom of Croatia fell in 1102, its cities and lands were often conquered by, or switched allegiance to, the kingdoms of the region during the Middle Ages. The hinterland (Dalmatian Zagora) ranges in width from fifty kilometres in the north, to just a few kilometres in the south; it is mostly covered by the rugged Dinaric Mountains. Napoleon's rule in Dalmatia was marked with war and high taxation, which caused several rebellions. If so, when adopting a dog, one of the first and most exciting things is naming it. Venetian was the commercial lingua franca in the Mediterranean at that time, and it heavily influenced Dalmatian and to a lesser degree coastal Croatian and Albanian. A large-scale campaign was launched in the Dubrovnik paper L'Avvenire (The Future) based on a clearly formulated programme: the federal system for the Habsburg territories, the inclusion of Dalmatia into Croatia and the Slavic brotherhood. Dalmatian names from movies (101 Dalmatians), Names for Dalmatian dogs: unique dog names, Japanese Names for Dogs - Male and Female, Types of German Shepherd - All Breed Variations, Cocker Spaniel Names - Male and Female Ideas. Thus, these two factions became involved in a struggle in this area, intermittently controlling it as the balance shifted. The Emperor Franz Joseph brought the so-called Imposed Constitution which prohibited the unification of Dalmatia and Croatia and also any further political activity with this end in view. Following the surrender of Italy in 1943, most of Italian-controlled Dalmatia was taken over by German forces and reverted to control under the puppet Independent State of Croatia. The longest-lasting rule was the one of the Republic of Venice, which controlled most of Dalmatia between 1420 and 1797, with the exception of the small but stable Republic of Ragusa (1358–1808) in the south. [41] By the end of hostilities in November 1918, the Italian military had seized control of the entire portion of Dalmatia that had been guaranteed to Italy by the London Pact and by 17 November had seized Rijeka as well. Napoleon himself blamed Marshal Auguste Marmont, the governor of Dalmatia, that too much money was spent. In the mountains, winters are frosty and snowy, while summers are hot and dry. As an ally of the Byzantine Empire, the King was given the status of Protector of Dalmatia, and became its de facto ruler. After WWII, Dalmatia became part of the People's Republic of Croatia, part of the SFR Yugoslavia (then called the Federative People's Republic of Yugoslavia). take a look at our Dalmatian breed file here. In 1808 he annexed to this Italian Kingdom the just conquered Republic of Ragusa. In the Venetian language, once dominant in the area, it is spelled Dalmàssia, and in modern Italian Dalmazia. However, due to territorial and administrative changes over the past century, the perception can be seen to have altered somewhat with regard to certain areas, and sources conflict as to their being part of the region in modern times: The inhabitants of Dalmatia are culturally subdivided into two groups. The largest city is Split, followed by Zadar and Šibenik.

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