Gerrit's opposite zodiac sign is Capricorn. [4] In 1918, he started his own furniture factory, and changed the chair's colours after becoming influenced by the De Stijl movement, of which he became a member in 1919, the same year in which he became an architect. Discover Rietveld’s design masterpiece, the Red and Blue Chair. [9], His work was neglected when rationalism came into vogue, but he later benefited from a revival of the style of the 1920s thirty years later.[3]. The only monograph on Rietveld is Theodore M. Brown, The Work of G. Rietveld (1958), which includes an illustrated catalog of Rietveld's work, a bibliography, and translations of some of his writings. Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne, Design’s Odd Man Out Gets Moment in the Sun, "Han Schroeder: Architectural Papers, 1926-1998", Sculpture Garden at the Kröller Müller Museum, Rietveld’s Universe - Rietveld, Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Theo van Doesburg, 20 October 2010 - 13 February 2011, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gerrit_Rietveld&oldid=985941953, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 21:31. A commission to copy from photographs furniture designed by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright for a client of the Dutch architect Robert van't Hoff brought Rietveld into contact with de Stijl (the Style), founded in 1917. Corrections? Rietveld’s early work was characteristic of De Stijl, a modernist art movement whose members included Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg. The majority of Rietveld’s work has remained in his hometown of Utrecht. Lesser Known Facts. Rietveld’s works also feature prominently in the ‘Mondrian & De Stijl’ exhibition at the Kunstmuseum Den Haag. [3], Rietveld designed his Red and Blue Chair in 1917 which has become an iconic piece of modern furniture. Learn about the life and work of Dutch designer and architect Gerrit Rietveld. Please note, the content you want is not available for your country. Rietveld designed the Zig-Zag Chair in 1934 and started the design of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which was finished after his death. Rietveld began his association with the movement known as de Stijl in 1918. In 1923, Walter Gropius invited Rietveld to exhibit at the Bauhaus.

The group assimilated and translated into ideology certain laws on the dynamic breakdown of compositions (carrying them to an extreme) that had already been expressed in painting by the cubists: the “De Stijl” artists also carefully studied the architectonic lesson taught by the great Frank Lloyd Wright, whose influence was widely felt in Europe at that time. He was the first to give its esthetic program visible form. By the 1930s Rietveld's time seemed to have passed. His involvement in the Schröder House exerted a strong influence on Truus' daughter, Han Schröder, who became one of the first female architects in the Netherlands. He was interested in how machines could produce furniture that was simpler in style and more accessible to a mass market. Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛrɪt ˈtoːmɑs ˈritvɛlt]; 24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect. From 1936 until after World War II, Rietveld devoted himself to furniture design.

Netherlands.

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛrɪt ˈtoːmɑs ˈritvɛlt]; 24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect. Gerrit Rietveld was born on June 24, 1888, in Utrecht and lived there most of his life. Rietveld designed the Zig-Zag Chair in 1934 and started the design of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which was finished after his death. De Stijl principles also formed the series of designs for shop fronts (1924-1929) which, with large-scale housing projects, comprised the bulk of Rietveld's work of the late 1920s. His son Wim Rietveld also became a renowned industrial designer. In doing so, his work revolutionised the way that furniture was designed and produced. The house has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000. [9], His work was neglected when rationalism came into vogue, but he later benefited from a revival of the style of the 1920s thirty years later.[3]. [8] Due to irreparable damages caused by regular decay, it was once again rebuilt, this time with new materials, in 2010. Learn about the life and work of Dutch designer and architect Gerrit Rietveld. After the war he received a number of important architectural commissions, including the De Ploeg Textile Works (1956), Bergeyk; a housing development (1954–56), Hoograven; and the art academy (1962), Arnhem. [5], He built the Rietveld Schröder House, in 1924, in close collaboration with the owner Truus Schröder-Schräder. In 1923, Walter Gropius invited Rietveld to exhibit at the Bauhaus.

Gerrit Thomas Rietveld was born in Utrecht in 1888, where he began working in his father’s furniture workshop at the age of 11.

He used precast concrete slabs held in place by a frame of steel I-sections expressed as a de Stijl grid on the exterior. With renewed interest in de Stijl following World War II, Rietveld continued to design private houses (Stoop House, Velp, 1951) and again received important commissions, including the Hoograven Housing complex, Utrecht (1954-1957), the Jaarbeurs, Utrecht (1956), and the De Ploeg textile factory, Bergeyk (1956). [3], Rietveld designed his Red and Blue Chair in 1917 which has become an iconic piece of modern furniture. The website is managed by the Netherlands Bureau for Tourism and Congresses. This was the beginning of Rietveld’s rise to success. He went on to work for a local goldsmith and opened his own furniture workshop in 1917. The house has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.

The highlight of a celebratory “Rietveld Year” in Utrecht, the exhibition “Rietveld’s Universe” opened at the Centraal Museum and compared him and his work with famous contemporaries like Wright, Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe.[11]. In 1921 he began a period of collaboration with the designer Truus Schröder-Schräder, for and with whom he designed the paradigm of de Stijl architecture, the Schröder House, Utrecht (1924). Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛrɪt ˈtoːmɑs ˈritvɛlt]; 24 June 1888 – 25 June 1964) was a Dutch furniture designer and architect. He was trained as a cabinetmaker by his father (1899-1906) and as a jewelry designer in the studio of C. J. Begeer (1906-1911).

For Rietveld, Schröder's project was a dream come true. Gerrit Rietveld salary information will be update soon. In subsequent years he was given many commissions, including the Dutch pavilion for the Venice Biennale (1953), the art academies in Amsterdam and Arnhem, and the press room for the UNESCO building in Paris. Gerrit Rietveld, after his experience with De Stijl, in 1928 and comes into contact with a more functionalist style of architecture, known as Zakelijkheid Nieuwe or Nieuwe Bouwen. Gerrit Rietveld Gerrit Rietveld has been died on Jun 25, 1964 ( age 76) Gerrit's astrological symbol is Crab. Content. From the late 1920s he was concerned with social housing, inexpensive production methods, new materials, prefabrication and standardisation. As a person born on this date, Gerrit Rietveld is listed in our database as the 87th most popular celebrity for the day (June 24) and the 26th most popular for the year (1888). Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. It was the first house he’d ever built.

In 1918 Rietveld joined the “De Stijl” movement which had sprung up around the review of that name founded the year before by Theo van Doesburg. Gerrit Thomas Rietveld was born in Utrecht in 1888, where he began working in his father’s furniture workshop at the age of 11. Rietveld applied the same interplay of rectangles to an architectural design in his remodeling of the groundfloor shop front of the G. & Z. C. Jewelry Store, Amsterdam (1920; destroyed). Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (1888-1964), architect and furniture designer, was a member of the group of Dutch artists and architects known as de Stijl. Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, born in Utrecht on 24 June 1888, seems possessed of two personalities, each so distinct that one might take his work to be that of more than one artist. Although Piet Mondrian and Gerrit Rietveld were among the most famous members of de Stijl, they never actually met but corresponded by letter. Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, (born June 24, 1888, Utrecht, Neth.—died June 25, 1964, Utrecht), Dutch architect and furniture designer notable for his application of the tenets of the de Stijl movement. Following his wife’s death, he moved in with Truus Schröder and remained there until he died one day after his 76th birthday. The contacts that he made at De Stijl gave him the opportunity to exhibit abroad as well. When the art academy in Amsterdam became part of the higher professional education system in 1968 and was given the status of an Academy for Fine Arts and Design, the name was changed to the Gerrit Rietveld Academy in honour of Rietveld. The two activities alternate, overlap, and fuse in a perfect osmosis unfolding then into a logical sequence.

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Piet Mondrian and Gerrit Rietveld never met in person. Composed of a modular grid of square or rectangular sticks painted black and with a sustaining seat and back of red and blue rectangular plywood planes, this design enabled each element to maintain its own absolute identity because of the color scheme and the joinery. Know Gerrit Rietveld's Cars, House, Networth. His son Wim Rietveld also became a renowned industrial designer. Important members of De Stijl were Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondriaan, Bart van der Leck, J.J.P.



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