However, in the aquarium, it’s one of the more difficult fish to maintain. At present, it has been studied the possibility of using the poison of this fish as an analgesic for people who suffer from any type of cancer, in its terminal stage. Many colors are available, including black, sand, and red, and the Congo will also adapt their color to their surroundings except for blue. Although it is known that you must have a special license to manipulate and prepare this tasty dish, there are many hatcheries that are dedicated to the sale of this animal, without having the necessary security measures for its consumption. Blowfish and puffer are both common names for the Tetraodontidae family of fish, which includes 196 or so species. Unfortunately, this has a contraindication for the fish, since its catches have increased jeopardizing this species. The Tetrodotoxin blocks the sodium channels and their effects are at the neurological level. Plenty of live, tall plants will also be required. Likewise, if you die eating the puffer fish, in a market stall, or in a fancy restaurant, no one will be responsible for your death. Their size can reach a length close to 20 cm, although in captivity hardly exceed 10. Pufferfish can be very rewarding if you’re able to maintain the proper environment for them to grow. For two decades, scientists and environmentalists have warned -, The Third Pole – If you have found this guide helpful and learned something new, please share these 11 types of freshwater pufferfish on Facebook and Twitter. Subscribe to MFN with your email. Puffer fish live in India, Thailand, Malaysia Peninsula, Philippine Islands and Mexico. Congo Puffer As the name implies, Congo pufferfish come from the rivers of Africa. The Imitator puffer is also known as the Dwarf Malabar Puffer, and it is another type of tiny pufferfish. The first thing to do is place the fish on a clean and dry table work. They have very rounded bodies with small fins set far back. Earnings from the Cultivation and Sale of Puffer Fish. In Japan they are also well known as they prepare a dish called Fugu which is considered a delicacy. You’re going to need a large tank and the ability to filter the water quickly and thoroughly, but we’re assuming you know all that and are here to compare a bunch of varieties to see which one you like best. This obviously is related with the people in charge of their preparation, since as mentioned above; they must have a license granted by the government of this country. We recommend one of the smaller breeds, like the Dwarf Puffer, if you’re new to a pufferfish, while a properly raised MBU Puffer will make you the talk of the aquarium community. Raising freshwater pufferfish is a great challenge for any experienced aquarium keeper. They grow to about 6 inches long and will spend most of their time buried in the sand at the bottom of your aquarium hiding from potential predators. Though they rarely reach 2 inches, they need a large tank because they produce a lot of waste. After finishing removing all the skin, it is time to begin to remove the viscera, which is the most dangerous part of the process. The progress made states that 75 % of patients who received drugs with a base of this toxin experienced good results. Sea Cucumbers: Characteristics, reproduction, habitats and more. This fish has a bright yellow color. It’s  believed that it is not the fish itself who produces this condition but the bacterias it houses. Although this man has prepared balloon fish for sixty years, he admits that every time he prepares it again, he does it with great caution, since the minimum mistake could cause the death of a person. It is believed that the flesh of the puffer fish or fugu, is one of the most delicious delicacies in the world. The males in this breed are noticeably larger than the females, and they have dark brown colored bodies with light cream-colored stripes on its lower sides. Only one serving of Puffer fish has enough poison to kill thirty men. Also, now there are breeding sites where these fish are raised without the tetradotoxin toxin, so they can be ingested without any risk, by those who can pay the 22.000 yen that the fish costs. Their temperament usually forces their owners to enable a specific aquarium to prevent puffer fish from devouring other fish species.Puffers are active fish at all levels of the aquarium, but they need plants and roots to swim in. The South American Puffer is one of the only pufferfish to live in groups in the wild. You can also house them in a smaller aquarium than many others and typically only require about 20 gallons. To prevent accidents that have occurred in other times, in Japan, ( the home of this practice), the necessary measures have been taken; that go from the extraction of the fish, to the people who dedicate themselves to their breeding. You will also need to supply them with hard food because their teeth tend to overgrow, and you may still need to clip them manually. Those who dare to confront them run the risk of dying from suffocation due to the content of Tetrodotoxin they possess in their bodies. However, although the Tokyo authorities have established stricter measures in some restaurants, they sell the Fugu prepared to take and cook at home. It’s much easier to acquire the right size aquarium and filtration needed for a Dwarf than many of the other breeds. In the light version, the pufferfish has a white body covered with yellow dots. We’ve been able to round up 11 different breeds of freshwater pufferfish to look over with you so you can see if there are any that catch your eye. All rights reserved. The International Union for Conservation of Nature, 9 DIY Hedgehog Cage Plans You Can Build Today (With Pictures), 7 DIY Guinea Pig Beds You Can Build Today (With Pictures), 9 DIY Hamster Toys You Can Make Today (With Pictures). They require a large tank and are extremely sensitive to nitrates, so the water needs to be heavily filtered, as is the case for most pufferfish. Decorating Aquariums : The best algae to decorate domestic aquariums…. There is no apparent sexual dimorphism and the dominant color of this species ranges from the yellow-green, in the upper part of their body to the brown olive on their back. The toxin is quite strong and there is still no medication against it so diazepam is administered to relieve the signs and symptoms. The two other Carinotetraodon traded are the Red-eye puffer (Carinotetraodon lorteti) and Red-tail puffer (Carinotetraodon irrubesco) and they can be frequently confused. This breed of pufferfish is known to be more aggressive than many of the others and is also a little more difficult to maintain. However, you will still need a strong filtration system. habitat and more…, Ghost-Crystal Shrimps: Everything you should know about them. When they are in aquariums they are useful snail eaters and also quickly end up with any plague. Seen from the Thai side, facing the jungle-covered hills of the -, WWF – If you have a fish a lot bigger, or smaller than the puffer, it has a lower chance of being "nice" to the other fish. They lack pelvic fins, and their tiny dorsal fin is located at the bottom of their back close to the caudal appendix. In the dark version, a black body has yellow dots. Family: Tetraodontidae. Leopard Seals: Characteristics, reproduction, habitat and more. Join us while we talk about size, filtration, color, aquarium length, and more to help you make an educated purchase. copyright © 2009-2020 fishbio. The ovaries are the most poisonous  area, but the liver and intestines, are so potentially lethal, that some chefs prefer to use gloves to carry out such a procedure. Fugu sashimi is a very popular dish, especially in the best restaurants of Japan. . Stay informed. However, their most outstanding characteristics are the innumerable thorns which cover their body except for their mouth. Constant strong filtration is needed, and the more the water moves in the aquarium, the better.

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