Patient-therapist boundary issues: An integrative review of theory and research. Annual review of Sociology, 27(1), 363-385. Moreover, he suggested that perhaps the concept of attitudes is non-existent and they cannot justify for overt behaviour. Justice Research and Policy, 9(1), 59-73. The socially desirable responding is measured on a 7-point Likert scale with questions about self-deception and impression management (see Appendix 5 for a full overview of this scale). Within the Sexual Offences Act, sexual assault is described as an offence where an individual (A) intentionally touches another individual (B), the touching is sexual, B does not consent to the touching and A does not reasonably believes that B consents (SOA, 2003). The findings of this study will be reported as part of my dissertation and may also be published in academic journals or at conferences. Sex offenders represent a heterogeneous population, with offense patterns that are very diverse in nature. Data from the most recent 2013/2014 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) shows that 19.9% of women and 3.6% of men, aged between 16-59 were victims once or more of sexual assault (ONS, 2015). Attitudes and attitude change. Sexual Offenders. However due to the broad, homogenous nature of community protection policies, nonviolent, small-risk offenders can be included in their implementation. Attitudes towards sex offenders. If stigma endangers the TA connection, several other issues can arise, such as the loss of motivation to engage with the treatment programme (McMurran, 2003). Steele, C. M. (1997). Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39(1), 94-110. However, none of the above mentioned studies explored the idea of ‘relateability’ between the participant’s gender and the gender of the victim portrayed in the sexual offender presented to them. Collectively, the two theories imply that the base for behaviour are the initial intentions that in turn are influenced by an array of factors including attitudes towards that behaviour. Self-deception and impression management in tests responses. Hogue (2009) suggests that in order for the attitudes to be socially acceptable and non-damageable to treatment, they should sit somewhere in the middle of the spectrum. 4 He sat down next to her and as soon as the plane took off he unbuckled her seat belt and began to touch her sexually. There seems to be a general agreement throughout literature that sex offenders are much more resented by society in comparison to any other offender, even within the prison system (Akerstrom, 1986; Kjelsberg & Loos, 2008). Therefore, this could be examined further in future research. Furthermore, in a UK based study, Brown et al. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers. Craig, L. A. Wicker, A. W. (1969). Pedophilia prevalence data are extremely difficult to obtain. (2012). Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Comparisons among the holden psychological screening inventory (HPSI), the brief symptom inventory (BSI), and the balanced inventory of desirable responding (BIDR). He later received a prison sentence of 10 weeks. I am hoping to recruit at least 120 participants for this study. The names were change to random names in order to anonymise the perpetrator and the victims. Journal of Social issues, 25(4), 41-78. Company Registration No: 4964706. The results presented in the two subscales of the BIDR, ‘Self-deception’ (M = 4.19, SD = .733) and ‘Impression Management’ (M = 3.97, SD = .767) indicated by investigating the mean that overall (M = 8.05, SD = 1.18), the participants (N=124) might have slightly (M = 8.05 out of a possible of 20) distorted their answers to meet the socially desirable criteria (Paulhus, 1984). Although attitudes may not always be a very good predictor of future behaviour as they are easily influenced, it has been stated throughout the literature that attitudes are the basis for stigma (Goffman, 2009). Another theoretical model is the ‘file-drawer model’ and suggests that attitudes are mental files stored in memory, which one consults when performing an evaluation of an attitude object (Wilson, Lisle & Kraft, 1990). A Canadian study asked professionals and sex offenders about their attitudes on the media’s impact on the reintegration of sex offenders. The handbook of attitudes, 3-19. Thank you! Please keep this information sheet. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NursingAnswers.net. An eyewitness confirmed the allegations and the man was arrested, receiving a prison sentence of 10 weeks. Hogue (2009) suggests that in order for the attitudes towards sex offenders to be socially acceptable they have to fall somewhere in the middle of the spectrum. Previous research has had mixed findings when they investigated the effect on the gender of the participant on the attitudes towards sex offenders.

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